THE POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF CITY-STATES - Aetolia Online Help

10.1 THE POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF CITY-STATES

A city-state is ruled, first and foremost, by a ruling council. These   
council members can have different names, such as Archon or Dhasan. HELP
<city> will show you what the ruling council name for that city is.     

In order to become a member of the ruling council (which normally have  
five members), you must contest an existing member in an election, and  
triumph in the election. HELP ELECTIONS will give you detailed          
information about elections and referendums.                            

Out of the ruling council members, one member, who requires a majority  
support among the five, becomes the leader of that city. The leader can 
have various names, such as Overseer in Ashtan, or Vanguard in Enorian. 

The leader of the ruling council then may appoint people to the heads of
seven different ministries, and each of these ministers may appoint     
aides. These are:                                                       

Ministry of the Ambassador   (responsible for newbies and new citizens)
Ministry of War              (responsible for all military matters)
Ministry of Security         (responsible for internal security)
Ministry of the Treasury     (responsible for the city's working funds)
Ministry of the Steward      (responsible for the city coffers)
Ministry of Trade            (responsible for trade with villages)
Ministry of the Chancellor   (responsible for internal economics)
Ministry of Cultural Affairs (responsible for events and morale)
Ministry of Research         (responsible for ylem and research trees)

So, in summary:

The people elect the ruling council. The ruling council selects one of  
their number to be the leader. The leader appoints people to the seven  
ministries. The ministers appoint aides.                                

Further help on the various ministries may be found under section 10.4  
(Ministries).